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Umar b. Abdul Aziz RA said. ‘Whoever of you does good action then let him praise Allah. Whoever does wrong action, let him seek Allah’s forgiveness and turn in tawbah, because for some people there is no avoiding doing actions which Allah appointed as their destinies and which He decreed for them.’

In another narration from him, ‘Whoever does a wrong action, then let him seek Allah’s forgiveness and turn in tawbah. Then if he repeats [the wrong] then let him seek Allah’s forgiveness and turn in tawbah. Then if he repeats then let him seek Allah’s forgiveness and turn in tawbah, because they are only mistakes marked on men’s necks, and total destruction lies in persistence upon them.’

The meaning of this is that the slave will unavoidably do whatever wrong actions are decreed for him, as the Prophet S said, ‘There is decreed for the son of Adam his portion of adultery, and he will meet that unavoidably.’ [Bukhari]. However. Allah has made a way out for the slave from the wrong actions into which he falls, and he effaces them by turning in tawbah and seeking Allah’s forgiveness. If he does that then he becomes free from the evil of this wrong action, and if he persists in that, he perishes.

Ibn Rajab, Jami al-Ulum wa’l-Hikam

“I was told that `Umar bin `Abdil-`Azeez wrote to the Syrian army as follows: ‘As-salaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullaah. Now then, whoever contemplates death frequently speaks little, while he who knows that death is certain is satisfied with a little. Farewell.’


Umar bin `Abdul-`Aziz, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “I found that punishment comes with negligence, meaning the Ayah:

[فَلَمَّآ ءَاسَفُونَا انتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ فَأَغْرَقْنَـهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ ]

(So when they angered Us, We punished them, and drowned them all).” [Surah az- Zukhruf]

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir]

‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-’Aziz [Rahimahullah]  used to say: “None can reach the state of taqwa until he possesses neither actions nor words that can be exposed to his embarrassment, either in this World or the Hereafter.”

He was also once asked: “When does the worshipper reach the peak of piety?” He replied: “If he puts all the thoughts and desires in his heart on a plate and then wandered around in the market, he should not feel ashamed of anything there.”

[‘Min Akhlaq as-Salaf’; p. 56]

Imam Al-Bukhari [Rahimahullah] was also  also mentioned in “al-Fath al bari”: ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz wrote to all the countries: “Search for the hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and assemble them.”

In “Fath al-Bari”  byIbn Hajar [Rahimahullah]  it was mentioned that: “The first one to write down the hadith was Ibn Shihab az-Zuhriyy[Rahimahullah]  at the turn of the first century by the order of  ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz [Rahimahullah].”

From Maalik  (d.179H) – rahimahullaah – who said: ’Umar Ibn ’Abdul-’Azeez[Rahimahullah] used to say, “The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and the caretakers of the affairs (wulaatul-umoor) enacted Sunnahs, taking to them is affirmation (tasdeeq) of the Book of Allaah, and the completion of obedience to Allaah, and strength upon the Religion of Allaah. Whoever seeks guidance through them will be guided, and whoever seeks aid through them will be victorious, and whoever opposes them; he follows a path other than the Path of the Believers, and the close allies (wulaat) of Allaah are not with him, and his destination is Hell, and an evil end.”

Related by Ibn Battah in al-Ibaanah (1/352-353)

From Shihaab Ibn Khiraash [1] who said: ’Umar Ibn ’Abdul-’Azeez (d.101H) – rahimahullaah – wrote to a man,
“May peace be upon you, to proceed:
So verily I advise you to fear Allaah, and to make His Command the objective, and to follow the Sunnah of His Messenger, and to leave off what people invented after him (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), from whatever is confirmed as his Sunnah, and his supply will suffice you.
Then know that there cannot ever be any innovation, except that a proof against it has already passed, and there is a warning in it. So adhere strictly to the Sunnah, for verily the Sunnah is – with the permission of Allaah – a protection for you. Verily the one who practices the Sunnah is one who indeed knows what opposes it from mistakes and error, and foolishness, and deep thorough study.
So be pleased with for yourself what the people (i.e. the Salafus-Saalih) were pleased with for themselves, for verily they stopped upon knowledge, and they sufficed with penetrating insight, and they were the strongest in studying the matters, and the virtue that was in them, in that case, they were the most adequate; since they (the Salafus-Saalih – Righteous Predecessors) have already preceded. So indeed the guidance is not what you are upon, rather they preceded you to it. Therefore you say, he innovated a newly invented matter after them, so no one invents something, except that he opposes their path, and considers himself to be better than them. Indeed whatever they spoke was sufficient, and whatever they described was satisfying. So whatever is below them is deficient, and there is no good above them. Indeed people fell short of their mark, so they became dull, and others were too ambitious, so they went into extremes, and verily they (the Salaf) were in between the two, so they were upon the straight guidance.”[2]

[1] He is Shihaab Ibn Khiraash Ibn Hawshab ash-Shaybaanee, from Koofah. He moved to Shaam, and lived in ar-Ramlah inside of Palestine, and he died there. He was sadooq (truthful), a person of the Sunnah. Refer to Tahdheebul-Kamaal (12/568-572).
[2] Related by Ibn Battah in al-Ibaanah (1/321-322), and by al-Laalikaa‘ee in Sharh Usoolul-I’tiqaad (no. 16)